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X’inhu l-aħjar mod biex nispjegaw l-istorja tal-Unjoni Ewropea jekk mhux billi nerġgħu lura sal-ħolqien tagħha? Din is-sensiela ta’ seba’ videos abbażi ta’ disinn adattat għal kull era turi l-fatti u l-avvenimenti ewlenin fl-istorja tal-Unjoni Ewropea sa mill-ħolqien tagħha fis-snin 50 sal-lum. Is-sottotitoli f’24 lingwa huma aċċessibbli fin-naħa t’isfel fuq il-lemin ta’ kull video. Il-vjaġġ it-tajjeb!
With the aim of ending the frequent and bloody conflicts that culminated in the Second World War, European politicians begin the process of building what we know today as the European Union.
The European Coal and Steel Community, founded in 1951, is the first step in securing a lasting peace. In 1957, the Treaty of Rome establishes the European Economic Community (EEC) and a new era of ever-closer cooperation in Europe. This period, however, also sees the emergence of a Cold War that divides the continent for more than 40 years.
The 1960s is a good period for the economy, helped by the fact that EEC countries stop charging custom duties when they trade with each other. They also agree joint control over food production, so that everybody now has enough to eat. May 1968 sees student riots in Paris, and many changes in society and behaviour become associated with the ‘68 generation’.
Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom join the European Communities on 1 January 1973, raising the number of member countries to 9. The Arab-Israeli war of October 1973 triggers an energy crisis and economic problems in Europe.
Democracy spreads in Europe with the overthrow of the dictatorships in Greece, Portugal and Spain. Regional policy starts to transfer huge sums of money to create jobs and infrastructure in poorer areas. The first direct elections by citizens of members of the European Parliament take place in 1979.
The Polish trade union, Solidarity (Solidarność), and its leader Lech Walesa, become household names following the Gdansk shipyard strikes in the summer of 1980 for workers’ rights and political change. In 1981, Greece becomes the 10th member of the European Communities, and Spain and Portugal follow 5 years later. The end of the decade sees the collapse of communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe.
In 1993, the single market is launched with the '4 freedoms' of free movement for people, goods, services and money. The 1990s is also the decade of 2 treaties – the Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty) in 1993 and the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1999. Austria, Finland and Sweden join the EU in 1995, and a small village in Luxembourg gives its name to the Schengen agreement that will gradually allow people to travel to large parts of the EU without passport checks.
The euro is now the new currency for millions of Europeans. 11 September 2001 becomes synonymous with international terrorism after hijacked airliners are flown into buildings in New York and Washington. Countries begin to work much more closely together to fight crime. The split between Eastern and Western Europe is healed when 10 new countries join the EU in 2004, followed by Bulgaria and Romania in 2007. A financial crisis hits the global economy in September 2008. The Treaty of Lisbon provides modern institutions and more efficient working methods.
The global economic crisis strikes hard in Europe. In 2012, the European Union is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Unrest and wars in various countries lead many people to flee their homes and seek refuge in Europe. The EU is faced with the challenge of how to take care of them, while safeguarding their welfare and respecting their human rights. Climate change is at the top of the agenda and leaders agree to reduce harmful emissions. Croatia becomes the 28th member of the EU in 2013. But in a referendum in 2016, the United Kingdom votes to leave the EU.
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